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Russia appears supportive of proposed UNSC resolution on Sudan

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April 30, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Russian government signaled its approval of a move by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to adopt a resolution that calls on Sudan and South Sudan to return to negotiations and put an end to hostilities that have raged over the last few weeks.

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Russia’s foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov (C), with his Sudanese counterpart, Ali Ahmed Karti (R), during a meeting in Moscow on 30 April 2012 (Photo: Reuters)

UNSC’s intervention was requested by the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) which issued a communiqué last week saying that Khartoum and Juba must reach a deal on post-independence issues within three months including oil, border demarcation, citizenship and Abyei.

The seven-point roadmap also called on both sides to cease hostilities within 48 hours and called for the "unconditional" withdrawal of troops from disputed areas. It also called for cessation of harbouring of, or support to, rebel groups against the other state and cessation of hostile propaganda and inflammatory statements in the media.

Should either side not comply, the AU expressed readiness to take “appropriate measures” without specifying its nature but were understood to mean sanctions.

AU’s position came in the wake of the most serious unrest since the South’s independence last year after Juba’s troops briefly occupied the oil-rich region of Heglig this month.

The US circulated a draft resolution in support of the AU position and also threatened sanctions under Article 41 of the UN charter, which allows the council to impose economic and diplomatic sanctions on countries that ignore its decisions.

Sudan said it opposed any UNSC intervention in its dispute with South Sudan and insisted that the AU be the sole body in charge of the process.

The Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti traveled to Moscow and met with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in a bid to convince his country’s traditional ally to support Khartoum’s position.

But while Lavrov signaled reservations on the issue of sanctions he said that Moscow backs the UNSC resolution.

The resolution "says that the Security Council will consider the sides’ actions, and depending on how they implement this resolution, the Council intends to discuss possible further steps," Lavrov told reporters.

"Yes, it may include measures of economic pressure. But I would repeat that this is not an automatic decision, but only an intention depending on how the resolution is implemented," he added.

The Russian foreign minister added that Russia intended to make sure the draft was fair and "addressed to both sides" while leaving the African Union in charge of mediating an end to the month of fighting in the oil-rich region.

In New York, Western diplomats told Reuters that China and Russia were resisting any reference to article 41 in the draft resolution during negotiations on the text today at the US mission.

"The draft will probably change before it goes to a vote, which we hope will happen on Wednesday," a diplomat told Reuters. "China doesn’t want any mention of Article 41."

Beijing, which has close trade relations with both Khartoum and Juba, has traditionally acted as Sudan’s protector on the council and for years has shielded it from US and European calls for sanctions due to its handling of conflicts in its western Darfur region and elsewhere in the country.

Russia is supporting China’s push to water down the resolution and also dislikes the idea of mentioning Article 41 in the resolution, council diplomats said.

Under the latest US draft, as with two previous versions, the council would have to pass a new resolution to impose sanctions on either Khartoum or Juba for not ending hostilities.

The United States made an attempt to soften the language in the latest draft. The first version, obtained by Reuters, warned Khartoum and Juba of "its determination, in the event that one or both of the parties have not complied, to take appropriate additional measures under Article 41 of the (U.N.) Charter."

The latest version, also obtained by Reuters, softens it by speaking of the council’s "intention" to take steps under Article 41 in the event of non-compliance.

In a related issue, the AU hailed the announcement by South Sudan that it will pull out its troops from the disputed Abyei region.

AU Commission Chairman Jean Ping in a statement praised Juba "for responding promptly and positively to the call".

"This important decision will greatly contribute to the efforts aimed at defusing tension between Sudan and South Sudan," Ping said.

(ST)

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  • 1 May 2012 08:34, by SeekingTruth

    "This important decision will greatly contribute in defusing tension between Sudan and South Sudan" said Ping. What about those who say they will never withdraw their troop despite the AU’s communique, what is your say to them mr. Ping? AU ass must bear in mind that South Sudan is collecting all these evidences in case you’re going to talk out of ur @$$$@#t in few weeks when the SPLA responds in..

    repondre message

    • 1 May 2012 09:32, by zulu

      Seekingtruth,
      AU is nothing but a stooge for the arab world in general and Humar Beshit. We dont care about AU, since we will make EAC the most robust and effective institution. This thing AU is the same like the OAU. It is bound to collapse because now Beshir is its president, except kiir and M7 and all african presidents are scared of him

      repondre message

      • 2 May 2012 06:49, by SUPERMAN

        Mr. Big Zero (zulu)

        Your remarks always are baseless and of no use. you r only an empty drum making noise but without any effect.to be considered you have to be rational otherwise u will remain as u r mr. Big Zero or Mr. Zulu.

        repondre message

    • 1 May 2012 11:30, by Darkangel

      THAT WAS IN 2007 YOU RETARD - IM NOT EVEN SURE THATS A HELICOPTER

      WHERE ARE THE MiGs YOU SHOT DOWN YOU RETARDED LYING INSECTS !

      SHOWING US VIDEOS FROM 2007 - HOW DESPERATE ARE YOU

      WATCH JALABAS VIDEO FOR THE VICTORY OF SSLA - DOWN DOWN SPLA/M

      JUBA IN NEXT FEW WEEKS ... !

      repondre message

  • 1 May 2012 09:07, by Longa

    It is only a clown who will clap at a loosing horse.Why did Karti think that Russia will have to prevent the passing of the drafted UN resolution? AUPSC communique has to implemented by Sudan and South Sudan and let as see who at the wrong behaviour.

    repondre message

  • 1 May 2012 09:30, by Chris B

    This is an excellent outcome for South Sudan and there is nothing that Beshir, the childless coward, can do! This is the end of him and his regime! The truth about Panthou and Abyei will now be exposed and the truth about the 1956 borders!
    Charles Taylor of Libreria last week; it will be your turn soon Omer el Beshir to visit the Hague! Even the likes of Jalaby, Konan, or Allah, will not save you!

    repondre message

  • 1 May 2012 09:48, by Bauer

    Stupid Jalaby, the insect,no actually the parasite is Bashir. Others want peace for u and him ur blood is filled with rage and the urge 2 go and kill. Think and think again before you say ’U will play against’ what the UNSC will say.1995 is NOT the same as 2012, stand warned else ur intestines will be eaten by pigs.Stay away from RSS and all will be good for U.U don’t want pigs 2 eat ur intestines

    repondre message

  • 1 May 2012 12:52, by E. Defense Forces
    • 2 May 2012 07:34, by sober

      America, Russia, China, Ukraine and continue to funnel weapons into this blood-torn region, providing
      weapons or training to (SAF) and (SPLA),. The US and Israel continues to arm South Sudan, whilst Russia and China continue to support Khartoum. (U.N. Arms supply data).This is how the Arms industry works .

      repondre message

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