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Oil stoppage will leave more needing aid in South Sudan: UN

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February 3,2012 (BOR) - The UN’s humanitarian affairs and chief, Valerie Amos, said that humanitarian conditions for many in South Sudan remain extremely precarious, and warned that the newly independent country’s oil shut down will cause more aid dependency.

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United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs andEmergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), Valerie Amos. 3 Feb. 2012 (ST)

On Friday Amos met with representatives from the government, the United Nations Mission in of South Sudan (UNMISS), and donor countries in the capital Juba, to discuss the complex humanitarian challenges facing the world’s youngest nation.

Clashes along the country’s disputed border with Sudan that have forced tens of thousands of people to flee into South Sudan. Rebellions and violence between rival ethnic groups pose a significant threat to the lives and livelihoods of civilians, as recent violence in Jonglei State has shown.

The UN also expects that up to 700,000 South Sudanese may soon return to the country, as after April North Sudan will treat them as foreigners unless they acquire a work permit.

The lack of a functioning South Sudanese embassy in Khartoum is making this harder to Southerners who have remained in the north. Since late 2010, 360,000 Southern Sudanese returned to the country, which became independent in July last year, as part of a peace deal in 2005 that ended decades of conflict.

The returnees and displaced people and widespread food insecurity mean that much of the South Sudan’s population are vulnerable, the UN says.

“People should be helped to return in safety and with dignity,” Amos said according to a UN press release.

In her meetings with representatives from the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), Amos stressed the importance of partnership between Juba and the international community to meet the significant needs of the South Sudanese people.

“The problems are enormous,” she said. “They can only be solved if we all work together. There is no other way.“

The UN and its partners have requested US$763 million in the 2012 appeal for South Sudan, covering 271 projects among 110 organisations.

“We need this to be adequately funded early in 2012 to ensure we meet our commitments to the people of South Sudan,” she stressed.

“If the necessary supplies are not purchased and pre-positioned in affected areas before the rains in the next months, if we do not boost the capacity of the humanitarian community and if the Government’s capacity is not further scaled up, the consequences for people in need could be dire,” she warned.

OIL DEPENDENCY

On Friday, Reuters reported that Amos said Thursday that South Sudan’s decision to shut down its oil output would result in more people becoming dependent on food aid.

Last week the landlocked country stopped its oil production in protest against North Sudan seizing some of its oil over a dispute about transit fees for the use of the north’s infrastructure.

African Union sponsored talks have failed to bring a deal between the two sides and although talks are due to start again next week a deal seems unlikely.

Both countries will suffer from the oil stoppage. Around 98% of South Sudan’s budget is from oil but Khartoum is also feeling the economic consequences of loosing 75% of its oil when South Sudan seceded.

"The situation in the country is extremely precarious, and the risk of a dangerous decline is very real," Reuters quoted Amos as saying.

One in three South Sudanese will need food aid this year according to the UN’s World Food Program.

This year there will be an earlier and "longer season of hunger" than the previous year, Amos said late on Thursday after visiting Pibor in Jonglei state, a town that was badly affected by tribal violence over December and early January.

Around 6,000 armed men from the Luo-Nuer ethnic groups attacked the Murle tribe in the latest of a series of increasingly violent cattle raids and counter attacks. The Murle responded by attacking Nuer and Dinka areas of Jonglei state.

Amos said that 140,000 people have been affected by the conflict and require assistance, 20,000 more than previously estimated. The Juba government have described Jonglei as a disaster area.

"It is a terrible situation. People have lost loved ones, their possessions, and their livelihoods," she said.

"If oil production is shut down, many people will feel the effects; humanitarian needs will inevitably increase, and the combined efforts of the government, the aid community and the donors will not be enough," Amos told Reuters.

"The whole world is concerned that the talks between Sudan and South Sudan have broken down in the way that they have. Peace, security and stability is what the people of Sudan and South Sudan need."

Before South Sudan broke away in July oil revenues were split 50:50, a key part of the 2005 wealth and power sharing agreement.

However, Khartoum now want South Sudan to pay $32 per barrel transported through their pipes and refineries and out of Port Sudan on the Red Sea. They also want Juba to accept some of the country’s external debt of $38 billion.

Juba has previously shown little interest in sharing the debt and say it is wiling to pay around $1 a barrel on the 350 barrels a day that South Sudan exported before the current crisis.

The SPLM government says it will take less than a year to build a new pipeline to Kenya claiming that the country will be able to last until the new infrastructure through East Africa is complete.

Even before the oil dispute and the Jonglei crisis the capacity of humanitarian agencies was "already extremely stretched" Amos said, adding that there were challenges "in terms of raising money for air operations, because the transport system is really non-existent, you’re not able to bring in food and other supplies by road".

Apart from oil, and debt the two countries have yet to demarcate the disputed joint border, and find a solution to the whether the disputed oil-producing and fertile region of Abyei belongs in North or South Sudan.

(ST)

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  • 4 February 2012 08:48, by Darkangel

    http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/03/us-sudan-south-idUSTRE8121UX20120203

    "Many Western donors tell Kiir that the Kenyan pipeline won’t work," said a foreign expert with close ties to Western donors. "They tried talking him out of the oil shutdown."

    South Sudan hopes to borrow funds from international markets using oil reserves as collateral, but bankers are skeptical ....

    repondre message

    • 4 February 2012 08:49, by Darkangel

      Western aid cannot replace oil.

      The oil shutdown and the drying up of revenues could have alarming consequences on South Sudan’s economy. The central bank in Juba was unlikely to have dollar reserves lasting more than three to five months, diplomats say.

      A Western diplomat agreed: "There is a belief in the SPLM that Bashir might be gone soon so they can sit him out with an oil deal. ...

      repondre message

      • 4 February 2012 10:01, by Logic

        China’s backing cannot replace oil revenue

        The oil shutdown has already manifested terrible consequences on North Sudan’s economy. The central bank in Khartoum don’t have dollar reserves to last a few days let alone a few months. Juba USD = 3.3 whilst in Khartoum USD = 4.6.

        PATHETIC "Master".lol.lol

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        • 4 February 2012 10:16, by Darkangel

          FACTS you slimy bug

          Give me 1 source of your claim ... Everything i say is back with quotes and information from news sources - none sudanese btw. You come up with these joke of statements and call that an argument.

          Show me your proof ! Evidence .. you know what that is dont you ?

          repondre message

    • 4 February 2012 08:51, by Darkangel

      But Bashir might actually stay. You never know."

      Kiir’s cabinet is mainly made up of ex-guerilla commanders and senior SPLM members, who led the civil war with the dominant Dinka tribe holding the key levers of power.

      "If you don’t have ties to the SPLM you struggle to get a senior job," he said in Juba. "Some even look down on people who stayed abroad during the war as traitors."

      repondre message

      • 4 February 2012 10:06, by Logic

        The longer Bashir stays the more the Sudanese people will suffer, and its an open secret if you don’t have ties to the ruling NCP you struggle to get jobs.

        The Khartoum government has always been dominated by Islamists and Arabists compromised only of a handful of Northern tribes.

        Stop throwing stones at other people’s houses when you live in a glass house, you pathetic racist idiot! lol.lol.lo

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    • 4 February 2012 09:57, by Logic

      At least South Sudan can consider the option of borrowing money from international markets, Khartoum (NCP) can’t even entertain the idea. And if Kiir is desperate, why is Bashir panicking and allegedly agreeing to sign an agreement he’s not happy with.

      PATHETIC "Master".lol.lol

      repondre message

      • 4 February 2012 10:20, by Darkangel

        Ha .. no actually it cant !

        Even the thiefs of this world, IMF, WB, Zionist banks arent stupid enough to lend a penny to this failing, still birth of a nation. 20 years of embargo and Sudan is still getting billion worth of investment from all over the world, except for those criminals i mentioned above.

        Good luck with that - scum.

        repondre message

      • 4 February 2012 16:14, by mohammed ali

        Logic, and how much the dollar in SS? Yes they can consider borrowing money from abroad, no doubt about that; but who will consider to give? and if he gives how much is the interest rate? It is not "allegedly"! who "alleged"? It is straightforward that he wants to sign the oil deal.Because it is in the best economic interest of his pple and because agreement will bring peace to both sides ..con

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        • 4 February 2012 16:29, by mohammed ali

          ..He said it clearly we will be affected , we will suffer but we will overcome it! Not deaf like your SPLA thugs not listening to moans of the starving, diseased,malnourished, abducted & enslaved childrens; deaf to the screams of the helpless women & mothers seen her children dying of hunger in her arms or snatched from her arms loosing her warm cuddle, abducted and enslaved; there families ...co

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          • 4 February 2012 16:35, by mohammed ali

            ..while their famillies are safe and secure getting the best education, best health care and living in the best villas and mansion in Australia with the looted billions of the poor, needy and marginalized southerners. May god help the poor pple of SS & only god will help them from those ruthless thugs.

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            • 5 February 2012 01:47, by Matiop Panchol

              Hahaha!! Stop pretending. If you are that concerning then you should start with those starving in the desert in the north. This time you eat your desert sand. Southerners will wait; they have done so before, instead of letting their resources go to some greedy thieves.

              repondre message

            • 6 February 2012 18:31, by south boy

              yeah mr mohamed or resool, please did you know the total amounts that your country steal in the hand of stupid arabs, please if you don’t know try to know please, your leaders use to beg by using the name of islam, what the islam? for me islam is false religion and it has No logic on it, please advice your people not steal money of our oil, this oil is ours, kept away from it.

              repondre message

        • 5 February 2012 05:03, by Elijah B. Elkan

          Mr. Ali, Khartoum had borrowed billions from many countries in the Middle East particular in name of Islam to fight south Sudan and Khartoum had failed conquer south Sudan. Mr. Ali south Sudan is gone dude! give it up. Khartoum need to pay back Saudi Arabia billions they borrowed and the world bank will not loan one cents to Khartoum imbeciles/inbreed who can not be trusted.

          repondre message

  • 4 February 2012 19:13, by alhassani

    i think selvakir is to some extent better than the crow doom(bagan) because he is not interested in fueling Sudan and what concerns him is his people. but, the crow doom will not rest till he blows the fires all over area.so, shutting down the oil production isn’t the right decision for the tow countries.

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    • 5 February 2012 02:16, by Matiop Panchol

      Haha-haha-haha. Hello, hOlLY Alhassani! Kiir cares more about his people than hellish Bashir son of a viper. You had better send him to The Hague to go spend the rest miserable life in the dungeon gnawing his teeth, for he is the real son of doom. He is destroying Sudan because he knows he will eventually be in prison.

      repondre message

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