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New SPLA General, Tanginya becomes advisor to US company Jarch


October 23, 2010 (JUBA) – A former Khartoum backed militia leader, General Gabriel Tanginye, has joined the advisory board of a US-based investment group less than 10 days after joining the SPLA the former rebels who control southern Sudan.

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Gabriel Tanginye shakes hands with leading members of the Nuer tribal community in Unity state, Bentiu on October 19, 2010 (AP)

Jarch Management Group Limited, issued a statement, October 21, saying that Tanginye, who has been accused of instigating violence in south Sudan resulting in hundred of deaths, “strengthens” the company’s knowledge of the region.

In 2009 the investment group leased a huge area of Tanginye’s native Jonglei state, in what was Africa’s largest land deal.

Tanginye announced his reconciliation with the SPLA earlier this month in Juba, the capital of southern Sudan, following an amnesty by the region’s President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, to armed groups operating in the south.

Kiir is hoping to unify the region ahead of a self determination referendum in January.

In a press conference on 14 October, Tanginye, announced that his forces, which had previously been incorporated into the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) controlled by the Khartoum government, would integrate with the SPLA.

The SPLA’s 22 year war against successive Khartoum governments ended with a peace deal in 2005.

Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement the SPLA and SAF became the only legal armed groups in the south.

All other armed groups were given the choice of joining one of the two legal armies or putting down their weapons.

At the time Tinganye chose not to do either and in incidents in 2006 and 2008 was accused of causing violence in Malakal town, capital of Upper Nile state, resulting in the deaths of over 300 people.

Last week upon joining the SPLA, Tinganye said his group was ready to leave behind all past differences and focus on the referendum, which may see the south become and independent country.

In a statement on Thursday Jarch congratulated Tinganye and his forces for joining the SPLA as it would not only strengthen the southern army and make it more cohesive but also strengthen the company.

“For the Company, General Gabriel [Tinganye] further strengthens us. He expands the Company’s knowledge base as he hails from Jonglei state and will give the Company much needed expertise in Jonglei and expand its expertise in Greater Upper Nile,” said Jarch’s 21 October press release.

Jarch shot into the limelight in January 2009, when it acquired a 70% interest in Leac, a company controlled by Gabriel Matip, the eldest the son of SPLA deputy commander-in-chief, Paulino Matip.

Through the deal Jarch leased approximately 400,000 hectares (4,000 square km), an area the size of Dubai, of prime farmland that Matip controls with options to acquire more.

In November 2007 Paulino Matip joined the advisory board of Jarch Management as vice chairman followed by his son in December 2009.

Matip and his militia the South Sudan Defense Forces (SSDF) - ‘an umbrella for a wide range of armed groups generally allied with the SAF’ according to the Small Arms Survey – announced they would integrate into the SPLA in January 2006 as a consequence of the north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement the year before.

The 2009 deal follows previous land deals with the SSDF.

In September 2006 a SSDF press release ‘reaffirmed the oil contract Agreement with Jarch Management Group, Ltd. For all areas of south Sudan, that SSDF exercises control.’

It further said that:”With the production and sharing agreements that we have signed with Jarch Management Group over the past few years, this company is set to become the largest producer of oil and gas in South Sudan.”

U.S. companies are banned from doing business in Sudan, as the U.S. considers the country a state sponsor of terrorism.

However, agriculture in Southern Sudan is exempt from sanctions provided the Khartoum-based national government does not have any stake in the business and provided that no imports or exports pass through non-exempt areas.

Jarch is chaired by Philippe Heilberg, who during the 1990s worked as a Wall Street banker in the commodities division of American International Group, a giant American financial company that nearly collapsed in 2008.

On 14 January 2009, just after the deal with Matip was announced, the Today programme on BBC Radio 4 broadcast an interview with Heilborg.

He said that Jarch’s special advisors in the SPLA had guaranteed his and the company’s safety to operate in the land he had leased.

“We have a very close relationship with a number of generals including the deputy commander in chief (Paulino Matip) and also the general that actually led the fighting for the south in Abyei, […] General Peter Gadet so I think we are well represented”, he said.

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Philippe Heilberg, the chairman of Jarch Management Group, poses with
Gen. Peter Gatdet Yaka (photo from Jarch website)

Gadet, an SSDF General like Matip before integrating into the SPLA, fought both with the SPLA against Khartoum and against the SPLA backed by Khartoum at different stages of the north-south civil war.

On the same BBC program, Steve Wiggins, a Research Fellow at the think-tank the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) said the deal raised concerns over land rights.

“The concerns are very clearly first and foremost alienation of the land rights of people who are already there. And particularly some of the marginal and poor people who may not have legal title to their land and these people are obviously vulnerable to losing the means of their livelihoods.”

However, Wiggins said, the foreign takeover of farm land did not necessarily mean poor countries like Sudan would get hungrier. Crop production was often limited by the size of the markets farmers had acces to, he said.

Heilberg, told the 2009 BBC program that he does not see himself as a colonialist.

“I think most of the world has misjudged much of the risk and also much of the reward” of operating in unstable parts of the world like Sudan, Heilberg said.

As well as being able to grow cereals, oil seeds, vegetables and flowers, Jarch, which is registered in the British Virgin Islands has the sole oil and uranium exploratory and exploitation rights to the area.

“We’re going to go to the grass roots […] to the tribal leader. We’re going to go to the people that actually live on the land and strike deals with them.”

In 2006 an SSDF statement said that the deal with Jarch was needed as: ‘The current arrangement in South Sudan predominated by one-party and one-ethnic group could to produce a civil war.’

The area, which Jarch have leased for a 30-40 year period is predominantly of the Nuer tribe - the second largest ethnic group in southern Sudan after the Dinka.

As well as Paulino Matip and Peter Gadet, Tinganye follows other senior southern politicians onto Jarch’s pay role:

Riek Machar, South Sudan’s Vice President has also been on the Jarch advisory board.

In 1991, Machar led the split of the SPLA by attempting to wrestle power from the movement’s leader John Garang.

The coup failed with the SPLA splitting mainly along ethnic lines and in 2002 Machar rejoined the SPLA.

In 2005 he was made the south’s Vice President, by Salva Kiir, who assumed the positions of First Vice President of Sudan, President of Southern Sudan and leader of the SPLA after Garang’s death in a helicopter crash.

Gulwak Deng, formerly the Upper Nile Governor, has also served on Jarch’s advisory board.

It is widely expected that the south will vote to separate from the north in January’s referendum: a view it appears Jarch share.

In December 2009, while welcoming Paulino Matip’s son Gabriel onto it’s board of advisors a Jarch statement said:

"Gabriel has extensive knowledge of the Southern Sudanese system and will help the Company work in South Sudan both prior to its independence and after South Sudan achieves its independence."


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  • 24 October 2010 05:44, by Gatwech

    Dear readers,

    It is very encouraging that such important companies from friendly countries like USA are coming with full swing to invest in South Sudan. 30 years of lease for Jarch is a good period where it can implement signifant agricultural and oil projects in the region.

    Yes, it is very good that such important figures are advising the Jarch company, and especially that it is not doing it alone but partnering with the Leach company of the son of Paulino Matip.

    For sure, Jarch will soon become one of the leading agricultural and oil production companies in South Sudan should the South soon separate from the North.

    We should encourage such courageous companies to invest in the South even if they lease lands for 50 years. It is also good that they will contribute some percentages to the communities under which jurisdictions the projects are being implemented.

    Bravo Gen. Gabriel Tanginye for joining the advisory boad. There is nothing with being an army general and advisor to the company as long as you are not part of its executive.

    Long live the coming fast development in South Sudan.

    repondre message

    • 24 October 2010 05:50, by Gatwech

      There is nothing (wrong) with being an army general and advisor to the company as long as you are not part of its executive.

      And I love that the US-based Jarch company believes in South Sudan independence!

      Long live the coming fast development in South Sudan!

      repondre message

      • 24 October 2010 06:05, by Samir mahmoud

        Dear Gatwech amd all Brothers
        Please go to the "Hidden Paw" website and read more about Jarch Capital and its Chairman.
        Also read in "Making Sense of Sudan" about oil in the South and Jarch Capital.
        I think Bol Bol has raised the alarm so be careful brothers.

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        • 24 October 2010 06:21, by Gatwech


          Don’t underestimate that company called Jarch. It is the door opener for other US companies to join the partnership with billions of dollars soon. Don’t judge the book by its cover. Do you know the background of this company?

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          • 24 October 2010 06:27, by Ahmed Chol

            Jarch is a good company but you need to know more about them before you do business with them

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          • 24 October 2010 06:38, by Samir mahmoud

            That is why i say read more about it .

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            • 24 October 2010 07:10, by Jay

              Mahmoud, when did you become our counselor of what’s good or bad in the South? We can either accept or reject Jarch Company not because you told us to.

              First of all get your own house in order before you come for others.

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              • 24 October 2010 08:27, by Sala Gai

                Look at them, how can an illiterate sign accompany agreement literate to be outrageously for Southern to be fad.

                Those companies need an agreement to sign careful with people like Dr.Riek Machar and classmate Dr. Lam Akol to make sort of life to people elsewhere in South.

                By Salah Gai

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            • 24 October 2010 07:20, by Ahmed Chol

              And that is why I say you need to know more about them than just reading

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      • 24 October 2010 06:56, by Bol Bol

        I suggest that you go and read the articles of sanction on Sudan. Jarch claimed to have been involved in oil exploration deal with various South Sudanese generals like Matip Nhial, Peter Gadet, and others at the time when the sanction was imposed on Sudan. The sanction clearly stated that only US companies that are allowed to operate in Sudan are those involved in humanitarian purpose only. If Jarch is indeed a legitimate organization involved in oil exploration deal, then the company has totally violated the sanction. Now if you read Jarch’s recent position, you will see that they have changed their original intention from oil exploration to agriculture production. This is because the sanction is not impose on agriculture production. In my opinion there is something fishy about Jarch. Just do research of your own and you will see why people like me are skeptical about the credibility of this company.

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    • 24 October 2010 07:27, by Logwanga

      would you please ask yourself why is that Jarch company Ltd is only targeting Nuer Generals,is that because they were ex.criminal warlords or what.

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      • 24 October 2010 18:29, by Samir mahmoud

        Dear Gatwek
        It is difficult to say that Jarch Capital is targetting a certain group,Jarch is seeking buisness opportunities,well,may be it found some people who were willing to sell,which raises a serious question that those concerned should really debate.I rferred you to the website of "Hidden Paw",there are also many other articles about this company and it’s chairman,who worked for the "AIG" group which collapsed.
        Whatever their ethnic groups,it is unacceptable to allow"COMPADORS",to operate in Africa again.

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    • 24 October 2010 16:49, by Deng Ateny Lueth

      wow, first time to see general in the army to sign contracts with foreign companies. i’m in total disbelieves. shall we not say corruption expanded even to the land that anybody is now leasing anyhow. if it was america, that contract wuold have been investigated. there is something like’’ oil for food in Iraq" going here about Tanginya contract with american company. leasing of land is a civilian kind of job to do. general is known for defending the homeland from foreign aggressors.

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    • 24 October 2010 18:32, by John M. Atem

      What a shark of a shock! The heinous criminal who just joins the SPLA ten days ago after President Kiir’s pardon them becomes advisor to the US Company Jarch. What in this freaken world is going on in the Southern Sudan?
      Iam disgustingly shocked by this rapid promotion of this man. Gabriel Tanginya needs to be observed first. He joins the SPLA army ten days ago. Why is such a big rush for his promotion? Folks, Gabriel Tanginya brings nothing to our SPLA army and US Company Jarch.
      Having paused a little bite to carefully examine this man’s background, I have comprehensively concluded with out a shadow of the doubt that Gabriel Tanginya, is a murderous, lunatic and good-for-nothing thug with out twenty-century fresh thinking ideas. This is a man who had made and continues to make a living by murdering people.
      Folks, as you may recall, this is a man who have murdered 300 innocent and peace-loving people in two horrendous incidents 2006 and 2008 respectively in Malakal.
      By giving him such a widespread publicity and promotion we are indirectly telling others that it is okay to murder people and you can get all kinds of publicity and promotion that you want. This is a bad thing. Folks, this man recently defected from the National Congress Party ten days ago to join our army SPLA after spending more than ten years of his murderous life in SAF. Folks, change of the party is not a changed of mentality.
      I tend to agree with those people who say that Kiir’s government is a government of horrendous and murderous thugs.
      George Luke once said," those who donot learn from the past are doomed to repeat it". Therefore, in this regard, President Kiir should learn from Achuil Tito’s Kapoeta debacle if he wants to be successful in his leadership. Mr. President,this demon-possessed, politically-inexperienced and debased thugs will desert you if things go bad in the Upcoming Self-determination Referendum. Please learn from Achuil Tito’s Kapoeta debacle and demote all these thugs.
      May almighty God creator of Heaven and Earth bless the long-suffering and Peace-loving people of Southern Sudan and guided them into the promised land of freedom, liberty, equality, respect for human dignity and social justice for all. SPLA Oyee. New Sudan Oyee. Victory to our long-oppressed, abused and long-enslaved people of Southern Sudan in the Upcoming Self-determination Referendum.
      The writer of this ground-breaking comment is John Atem. He is a son of brave and courageous jungle-martyred freedom fighter. He has completed Certificates in Agriculture, Peace Education, Convention on the rights of the Child and Diploma in Criminal Justice.

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      • 25 October 2010 04:06, by AUGUSTINO DENG

        Hey Mr John.M.Atem,

        I loves your comment my dear. What is happening in the Southern Sudan Government is not true. If you are a rebel, then you are the hero. If I know myself that if you rebel in the Movement, then you are the best person to hold a high position in the SPLM/SPLA, I could rebel and kill people so that I can be a leader like others who rebelled and killed people and now they are leaders. Please my advise to you is that prepare yourself and let me know when are we going to start our revolutionary regime against the Southern Sudan Government so that we can be leaders.

        This Government under Salva Kiir Miyardit will end. All the people who hold the high positions in Southern Sudan Government are the people who rebelled from the SPLM/SPLA especially Nuer. I can not be ruled by a rebel person. Someone who wanted to kill me and become my leader, no, it will not.

        Thanks for your comment.

        By Augustino Deng. Jiech la mer from Tharpam.

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  • 24 October 2010 05:49, by Bol Bol

    This phony and controversial company known as Jarch just can’t stay away from South Sudanese affairs? Even if you Jarch is legitimate do exist what is the point of letting the whole world know about the appointment of Gabriel Tanginye as an advisor? It is so irrelevant.

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  • 24 October 2010 08:46, by Oduck Bol

    The true color of business is coming out.

    ""(Yesterday in Lake state there was complain from Abang yourth union that their land was occupied by Lutheran World Federation (LWF)and they refuse UN to set up the camp in the area)"" (see miria fm.

    Iam asking myself this questions: Why is Jarch company made adeal with individual instead of gorvernment of south Sudan or governor of the state? Why Jarch is always dealing with people like Matip and is son and again Tanginy instead of official government of south Sudan? Is the area list as the size of Dohbai blong to Polino Mattip and his son? Has borders between states, counties, and villeges has been made? His really Gabrel Tanginy expert in agrecultueral? I should form a group of militians then I will be consider of the land owner.Wow "What a deovelopment would be"

    Polino Matip and his son and Tanginy must pay their loan by their own. first of all, the guns and money that were browed were used againest southerns. No body will accept to give land to Jerch because you browed guns and money from it.If Jerch really for business, it must start new with southern government other wise this is a new created war between tribes, clans and brothers.

    Let us wait and see how the land will helps these people.

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  • 24 October 2010 12:05, by KingJared

    Why Jarch employees only Nuer politicians, what’s behind the motive. I hope this company is not going to involve in politics.

    kingJared, critic and political editor

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  • 24 October 2010 12:26, by Peter Puoch Ruot

    Yo people, are we in the bad memory time or what? The author stated that Tanginye was from the`` Malakal town, capital of Jonglei state``.It is suppose to be Malakal town, capital of Upper Nile State.About the Article this is a wrong move for the long term but good move for the short term. We do not need foreigners dominate our own companies in South Sudan after independent neither do we want socialist system either.The only one that will be allow to freely rooms is capitalism.

    Make sure you vote before January 9 2011

    Peter for free south!!

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    • 24 October 2010 13:44, by Ghor

      Dear Gatwech and others

      Can you search for a book title: Confession of Economic Hit Man (EHM), Author is John Perkins and the secret history of American Empire, written by the same John Perkins.

      If you read these books you will know what is the goal of the American companies and corporations all over the world. I will not tell you the contents but please buy those books or at least (EHM) only.

      It is too earlier to say what is the interest of American companies in South Sudan. Let us not be fascinated by the existence of American companies in South Suadn. Why hiring a land of about size of Dubai??


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  • 24 October 2010 13:48, by A call for unity
    • 25 October 2010 04:00, by John M. Atem

      Iam extremely shocked to read on this magnificently great website that Gabriel Tanginya former Khartoum-backed Militia’s leader turned SPLA general has gotten a new Job as an advisor to the US Jarch’s Company. My question to the long-suffering and peace-loving people of Southern Sudan is: Why is it such a big rush for Gabriel Tanginya’s promotion? This is a man who joins the SPLA army ten days ago. He needs to be observed first. Folks, change of a party is not a change of mentality. Finally and last, but not certainly the least, I ardently urge President Kiir to stop promoting all these dimwitted thugs who will desert him should things go bad in the Upcoming Self-determination Referendum.
      Mr. President as the only sole surviving founding member of the SPLM/A who are tasked to lead the people of Southern Sudan. If you fail not to lead these people to their promised land of freedom, then you will go down in the history book as a failed political leader. You do n’t want to be another Joseph Lagau.
      We are so proud of your enormous contribution during our liberation struggle and your brilliant leadership in keeping our people united during this critical time. Please do not let these demon-possessed and politically-inexperienced thugs push you out of the rail of the history.

      May almighty God gives you more health and guided you as you lead us into the final destination of our glorious and glittering promised land of freedom, liberty, equality and social justice for all.

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  • 25 October 2010 03:53, by AUGUSTINO DENG

    It is good to encourage people in Southern Sudan in order to rebel. Two days ago just after Gabriel Tanginye surrendered himself to the hand of the SPLM/SPLA, now he becomes as an advisor to US Company Jarch. So, what is the point of blaming the one who rebel from the SPLM/SPLA if the people who rebels from the SPLM/SPLA are they people who get a high positions while those who were present and not rebelled in the SPLM/SPLA are the people who are being demoted.

    Now, I’m worried indeed that if Gabriel Tanginye becomes an advisor to US Company Jarch; will they people in US COMPANY JARCH not rebel?

    By Augustino Deng. Jiech la mer from Tharpam.

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    • 25 October 2010 04:37, by John M. Atem

      Mr. Augustino Deng,
      Thank you very much for your compliment. President Kiir has truly okayed it.
      Those you have lost their love ones during our liberation struggle are the ones who are now suffering. So, My dear people should the war started again let Kiir and his demon-posssessed thugs whom he has surrounded himself with fight this time. By all means these thugs will definitely desert him. Kiir has angered many loyal supporters. Kiir will definitely loses the war should the war start. May almighty God forgive him for he knows not what he is doing.

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  • 11 April 2011 08:27, by kuac Agol

    Dear all.

    Iam not happy to hear you talking about America company (JARCH) that will increase political tension in south sudan because it is dominated by Nuer politicians only.

    Allow me to ask you this simple question about jarch company operating in south sudan.

    Why do you people talk about Nuer politicians who dominate the company, who do you want to be adviser of the company and from which tribe?

    Why do you want people wasting time reading the noble without telling what is all about the book you read?

    What is wrong with America company and China company is coming to south sudan.


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