August 21, 2011 (JUBA) - The President of the newly independent Republic of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit on Saturday issued a decree listing the 29 ministries that will make up the country’s new cabinet.
- South Sudan President Salva Kiir lifts South Sudan’s new constitution to the crowds of people attending an independence ceremony in Juba, on Saturday July 9, 2011. (AP)
After South Sudan’s independence on July 9th Kiir issued a decree stating that all ministers would be caretakers until he formed a new government.
In the hotly anticipated announcement of the cabinet, Kiir may want to strike a careful balance to keep members of the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) happy as well as catering for opposition groups who have criticised his previous appointments for lacking inclusiveness.
South Sudan’s largest opposition group, a breakaway faction of the SPLM, has criticised Kiir for not reflecting the political diversity of the country in his appointments.
Transforming the South Sudan Legislative Assembly from an autonomous body with Sudan into the lawmaking institution of the newly independent country has also proved has proved controversial. The first sitting of the reconstituted National Legislative Assembly (NLA) failed on August 1 to agree on the position of deputy speaker.
On August 5th Kiir had to intervene in a power struggle between Atem Garang the former deputy speaker of Sudan’s national parliament in Khartoum and the the deputy speaker in Juba, Daniel Awet Akot.
Garang, was made the chief whip a third position behind Akut who was reappointed as the deputy speaker.
As well as Garang, Kiir also amalgamated 96 members from Sudan’s National Assembly in Khartoum into the Juba parliament. As part of the 2005 peace deal, that allowed South Sudan to secede, the SPLM and Khartoum’s ruling National Congress Party shared power for six years until the deal ended with the separation of the South.
Kiir also appointed 66 new MPs on top of the 96 from Khartoum and the existing 170 southern lawmakers that had been elected in elections in April, bringing the total number to 332.
About 20% of the additional appointees come from other political parties. South Sudan has 23 political parties, but only five are included in the new bicameral national parliament.
On August 1st Kiir appointed the South Sudan Council of States, , the country’s second legislative chamber, which four days later elected Joseph Bul Chan at its speaker.
The 50-member Council consists of 20 representatives from SPLM drawn from all the 10 states of the country, and 30 additional members from “other categories”.
DECREE AND DATE OF COMMENCEMENT:
The Decree shall be cited as the Presidential Decree No. 26/2011 for the Establishment of the National Ministries of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 and shall come into force upon its signature.
The following National Ministries shall be established in the Republic of South Sudan; and they are:
- Ministry of Cabinet Affairs
- Ministry of Defence and Veteran Affairs
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
- Minister, Office of the President
- Minister for National Security, Office of the President
- Ministry of Justice
- Ministry of Interior
- Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
- Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
- Ministry of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development
- Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Investment
- Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
- Ministry of Health
- Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
- Ministry of Roads and Bridges
- Ministry of Transport
- Ministry of General Education and Instruction
- Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology
- Ministry of Environment
- Ministry of Housing and Physical Planning
- Ministry of Telecommunication and Postal Services
- Ministry of Petroleum and Mining
- Ministry of Electricity and Dams
- Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare
- Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management
- Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation
- Ministry of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism
- Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries
- Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports