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Bor community in the USA criticize Kiir’s new cabinet

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The Greater Bor Community Of The United States Criticizes Kiir’s New Government; Accuses Him Of Systematic Removal

THE GREATER BOR COMMUNITY OF THE UNITED STATES (GBC – USA)

To: Greater Bor Citizens, South Sudanese Public, and the World Community
From: Governmental Affairs Committee commissioned by the GBC-USA President
Re: Reflection on Interim Period, Recent Cabinet Appointments and Way Forward in South Sudan
Dear all citizens of Greater Bor, South Sudanese Public, and the World community:

ENCOURAGED by the great yearning of our people to live in peace and security in our free homeland;

MINDFUL of the sacred promise we have to our martyrs who gave the ultimate sacrifice for us to be free and independent as a nation;

RECALLING the original founding principles and timeless creed of the SPLM to commit itself to ridding the society of all sorts of bourgeoisie, corruption and misrule based on ethno regional sectarianism;

BELIEVING that in an independent South Sudan, every community deserves to be accorded the same decent treatment from all levers of power;
CONGNIZANT of the fact that not all ethnic communities have representation in this cabinet/government;

RECOGNIZING the indispensable role youth play as stewards of our society;

PROUD of our Juba-based Greater Bor Youth leadership for breaking the silence on all the abuses directed at our community over the last 6 years of President Kiir administration; and

HUMBLED by the fact that three of our dear sons: Justice Michael Makuei Lueth; Uncle Atem Yaak Atem; Dr. Majak D’Agoot, and all sons and daughter(s) of Jonglei State who were appointed to the president’s cabinet, we, the Governmental Affairs Committee duly authorized by the overall leadership of Greater Bor Community in USA, would also like to add our voice to the national discourse as follows:

1. Introduction

September 11, 2011 (SSNA) — First, we would like to congratulate and thank the people of Greater Bor, and all South Sudanese for all the sacrifice and perseverance which finally paid off with the independence of our country. We also congratulate President Salva Kiir Mayardit on forming the first government of our Republic and wish him the best in future endeavors. At the outset, we want to acknowledge the fact that the President has constitutional rights to nominate whoever he wishes to serve our country even if all of the 29 ministers were to come from his own clan of Awan Chan. The fundamental issue is whether or not these ministers will carry out their solemn duties to equally deliver services to all South Sudanese and we will get to it later on in the paper.

On August 27, one day after the announcement of the first ever cabinet of South Sudan, the Juba-based youth association of Greater Bor, under Juma Arok Maketh, released to the news media a letter indicating their disappointment with the cabinet appointments. In it, they expressed frustrations and even demanded that the appointed officials who hail from Greater Bor decline those job offers. The letter quickly became fodder for some South Sudanese who are quick on dismissing everything---an all too-common practice in our politics by those who are big on writing or speaking rhetoric than substances. It is our best hope that in a free and independent South Sudan, people will not be talking over each other any longer; instead they will start to embrace every capacity for understanding each other’s point of view, unlike in the past. It is what the youth tried to provide here. They engaged in free expression in a matter that gives life to truth and honesty. For some to mistake their statements for simple cry for power or as faulting the President is missing the big picture about what the people of Bor community have endured over the last 6 years. So we are here to say out loud and clear to all South Sudanese and the world community that, while the position paper of various groups or members of Greater Bor Youth did not go far enough, their call was not without substance. We think their frustrations and dissatisfactions must not be dismissed that quickly. If anything, that must serve to elevate our national discourse. As a matter of fact, their statements have every legitimacy given how this administration has over the last 6 years failed many constituencies except a few who have secured the President’s unquestioned loyalty, and we will explain why. The thrust of our paper will show the systematic removal or dismissal of selfless sons and daughters of Greater Bor Community from the army and government—a policy that has been at work over the last 6 years. So without further ado, we acknowledge all the frustrations of the youth and we support them by sharing in their frustrations, but we have reached a different conclusion. We say so because we think it is not the solution to ask our officials to walk away from the government. We would be the last community to leave the government if every community were to, regardless of whether we got positions or not. In that regard, we wholeheartedly congratulate Justice Michael Makuei Lueth, Uncle Atem Yaak Atem, and Dr. Majak D’Agoot on their recent appointments and strongly urge them to take up their positions in the current administration.

2. Bearing witness to virtues of history: What Greater Bor contributed to the struggle and what has become of its people during the Interim Period to present?

To all the natives of Greater Bor back home, we recognize it was with dignity and grace that you have kept silent in the face of mounting forces that have been at work all this time, forces that have been trying to diminish our standing. We are so humbled and grateful to you for the dignified way you have always handled yourselves in the face of those challenges and adversities. But we know we have something more hopeful to look forward to, now that our nation has achieved her independence. Let us go back to re-imaging our unshakable spirit—that common and enduring heritage (past and present) that has always allowed us to rise and fall as one people—the thread that has always bound us from Cueei-Keer to Cueei-Thon. We know our community, like many others, has always been on the right side of history. We are a people of history and walking away won’t rhyme with that concept of history. We simply cannot walk away from the government. It is simply not something that anyone can recommend at this pivotal moment in our history. It will kill hopes and prospects of shared sacrifice since every community will be expected to contribute to the state building experiment in one way or another.

To the youth, political and traditional leadership of Greater Bor back home, this is our request to you: stay calm and contemplate on our path. Get your act together and unite your ranks by embracing each other. Go back to preaching the basics and start educating our children about our past. Our forefathers and fathers, on whose shoulders we all stand, used to stick together no matter what faced them. They used to listen to each other and collaboratively deliberate on addressing existential threats facing their communities. Learn from the unshakeable spirit and wisdom of our legendary paramount chiefs who ruled our land from Cueei-Keer to Cueei-Thon. It is our timeless tradition, replete with their rare ‘pearls of wisdom’ and many tales of harmony, which allowed Greater Bor to overcome odds and thrive. It is what inspired and allowed the great generation that includes many of our current leaders to join with fellow South Sudanese to fight for the cause of freedom. It is why in 1991 and 2005, when our nation was at the depth of despair, that many of our leaders, including former First Lady Madam Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior, counseled calm and urged us to hope and look ahead to the future. So looking backward, looking forward, we would like our children to live out that tradition by learning, drawing and benefiting from the vast wells of heritage.

i. Take time to reflect on all the significant contributions by Greater Bor to the cause of freedom

a. Greater Bor Contributions to the founding of our Movement, SPLM/A (1983 – late 1980’s) included:

i. Courageous and visionary leadership of Dr. John Garang de Mabior and many other Bor commanders who, along with other South Sudanese, helped found the SPLM/A and stuck with it through thick and thin until victory was achieved;

ii. First hosting and feeding of the first mutinied forces especially 104, 105 battalions and their commanders, including our wounded hero Kerubino Kwanyin Bol, in the rural Bor villages from Cueei-Thon to Cueei-Keer — is an endearing legacy;

iii. Serving as a reliable and dependable conduit for recruits and graduated SPLA patriots back and forth between Ethiopia and New Sudan;

iv. Providing logistical support including feeding of recruits and graduated SPLA forces engaging the government and/or moving back and forth between Ethiopia and New Sudan;
v. And providing security for all patriots (both recruits and graduated SPLA soldiers) who were passing through Bor area back and forth between Ethiopia and New Sudan; not a single recruit or graduated SPLA soldier was lost in the hands of Greater Bor citizen while crossing all areas of Bor South, Twic East and Duk counties.

b. Greater Bor Contributions to the cause of freedom (1983 - Independence included: Manpower and human resources with complete dedication to service for the entire period of liberation--- this has given South Sudan a true self in the eyes of the International Community today). Like other South Sudanese, these men and women in uniform served honorably in the SPLM/A until victory was achieved.

c. Sacrifices made by Greater Bor Citizens (1983 - Independence) included:

i. Countless lives lost during the liberation struggle: it is not uncommon to hear of entire families shut down because all have perished in the service or through war related famines and diseases;
ii. Property lost due to war: all South Sudanese are aware of the fact that Bor was laid waste by the so-called Nasir Declaration during 1991 resulting in Bor Massacre and nothing was left once all was said and done;

iii. Displacements of our people within and beyond the borders of South Sudan;

iv. And many others, just to mention a few.

All of these contributions which include the ultimate sacrifice by our own martyrs will be in vain if you walk away from the Government, even considering how badly you have been treated in the past 6 years. We have to support President Kiir Administration and do our best for the development of this nascent state.

Nevertheless, we get the frustrations from you and from other South Sudanese communities who are excluded from then Government of South Sudan and now recently formed Government of the Republic of South Sudan. No question, President Kiir has failed you and other South Sudanese during the interim period and we worry that he has not learned any lesson from his past failures. We get it and here is why we know you have been let down by Kiir administration.

ii. What the people of Greater Bor faced during the interim period to present

In this section, we bring you the reasons why we said the youth were justified in complaining about the recent cabinet appointments. During the last 6 years the people of Greater Bor maintained what almost amounts to a patriotic code of silence in the face of many disturbing signs of abuse foisted on them by Kiir administration. In all the instances, they never complained or whined because it is in their genes not to rush to conclusion. For some nefarious intentions or reasons, they did not get a single explanation although they were owed many explanations. They did not complain, because (1), it was the most appropriate thing to do, and

(2), first priority for every South Sudan was to see implementation of CPA and keep NCP in check.
Then the systematic policy of removing those from Bor began. First it started with the removal of Jok Riak from the SPLA Tanks Unit, followed by Malual Majok from the Directorate of Military Intelligence. And the weird thing about their removal: there were no wrongdoing charges against them, and their replacements came from President Kiir’s village. Second, there was the forced retirement of 17 generals from the police and prison service, with many of their counterparts left to serve. Some of those 17 generals from Bor who were removed included: (1) Lt.Gen. Makuei Deng Majuc (Inspector General of the South Sudan police). (2) Lt. Gen. Wal Athieu Madol (Undersecretary in the Ministry of Interior). (3) Lt. Gen. Kuol Ajak Deng (Director for Administration, South Sudan Prisons Service). (4) Lt. Gen. Mathiang Aluong (Director for Administration, South Sudan Police). (5) Lt. Gen. Machar Akau Machar (South Sudan Spokesperson). (6) Lt.Gen. John Diing Deng (Jonglei State Prison chief). (7) Lt. Gen. Reuben Garang Yuol (Director for Training, South Sudan Prisons). Third, came the mysterious incident of December 2008 in which the President asked Governor Kuol Manyang of Jonglei State to be Minister for SPLA and Veteran Affairs (Defense), only to result in an overnight veto that switched the appointment to Nhial Deng Nhial. Fourth was the recent sweep of 2011 in which the then Central Bank Governor, Mr. Elijah Malok Aleng was disrespectfully sacked from his governorship of the Central Bank of South Sudan and replaced by his deputy, Kornellio Koryom, from Warrap State. And the fifth was the relieving of Dr. Majak D’Agoot from National Security.
We have to wonder if there is a pension system in place for those coercively/forcefully retired public servants and their dependents to fall back on since they haven’t saved for their retirements during their course of service for liberation struggle. We hope there is safety cushion for them and their dependents but we just do not know how they are now pushing on with their lives these days.
At any rate, these are painful matters but we have to hold steadfast because when our people joined the movement, they were sacrificing for larger purpose and so in that case we have to remain supportive of the current government until next elections. We must acknowledge though that we are not the only community in this pain. Some communities, like ours, are facing the worst brunt of underrepresentation.

3. Frustrations by other South Sudanese Communities over lack of inclusiveness in Kiir administration
We must say, although sadly, that one thing that has continued to ail us in South Sudan is the notion that numerical advantage must trump everything. The fact that we continue to perpetuate the overrepresentation of Dinkas and the Nuers in the government is not a good sign for sustainable politics and for smaller communities, as well. It is imperative to mention the glaring examples of inconsistencies of many smaller communities within or outside of bigger ethnic groups which suffer from non representation in the current administration. If this is the case then Aliab, Ciech, Je/Kachepo, Jur el Bel, Anyuak for example need government supported programs. Among other isolated and marginalized communities within Dinka ethnic group are Aweil (Malual Gier-nyang), Twic Mayardit and among others in Nuer ethnic group are Maiwut, Nasir and Ulang, among many others. The overrepresentation of parts of Warrap in all key functions (Presidency, Supreme Court, Central Bank, Foreign Affairs) of the Government is NOT a good sign for other states and does not reflect well on the Presidency. It is damaging, to say the least. We feel for those in Northern Bar el Ghazal (those of Aweil) and Unity State and all other non presented South Sudanese communities. One wonders what happened to then Deputy SPLM/A Chairman Kiir of 2004 who singled out at the meeting in Rumbek the people of Bar El Ghazal as having suffered greatly. Are those in Northern Bar El Ghazal not part of the people who suffered as well?
When it is all said and done, we do know that the government positions are too few for every single South Sudanese community to have their own sons and daughters appointed to serve. But the litmus test has been and it will continue to be about whether or not the services are equally provided to all South Sudanese communities.

4. Evaluation of the entire Government (then GoSS and current administration).
We can note with some authority that our government/SPLM Party has lost its way. During the past 6 years of the peace implementation, all levels of GoSS became characterized by incompetence and corruption. And we fear those vices may as well continue to bedevil our nascent state if nothing drastic is done to quickly address the hopeless state of affairs. The Movement that started out on strong footing and ended the war with much of its popular revolutionary appeal intact somehow has abandoned its founding principles of fairness, justice and equality. Back in the day a soldier or a commander would even prefer to trade places with a dying child or youth who did not have water or food to eat. In the days after war, we have seen a change of hearts and minds and many of our leaders are living lavishly at the expense of our suffering population. Over these few years some ministers were busy building mansions in neighboring countries or in some far away foreign lands. This is not the kind of image we need to build South Sudan on. As citizens of the Greater Bor, we categorically condemn it. An SPLA soldier is currently treated like a second class citizen with a stingy pay that is either delayed or diverted. The streets of Juba and other South Sudan towns became overcrowded with children begging for food, something we have never heard of in our culture even during the war. The Movement that used to pride itself on enforcing the laws of man quickly became the Party that rewarded crimes and bad behavior after bad behavior. Case in point: people turned guns on fellow South Sudanese and joined the enemy only to come back to higher positions in the government of South Sudan.

The great appeal of SPLM began to take on a sorry state with some getting branded as Garang Boys and Kiir Boys. Some of the bad legacies are as follows:
a. Questionable handling of appointments and vetting of government officials which left people wondering about who sits down with the president to pick his team members

The appointments and vetting of government officials appeared to be skewed toward Warrap State but that is fine with us as long as the President is constitutionally permitted to pick the members of his team in whatever way he wants. But we cannot stop asking ourselves these questions: Who sat down with the President when he was deliberating on picking the members of his team? Who recommended the recycling of some of the same corrupt officials that worked very hard to satisfy their personal interests at the expense of South Sudanese? If they haven’t for the last 6 years, are these same ministers going to deliver services to all South Sudanese now especially with the number of the most vulnerable citizens among us increasing on a daily basis? The reason why we ask these questions is if those who advise the President have the greater public good at hearts, a good number of former ministers who have tainted records would have been sent home but it seems that power consolidation at the expense of South Sudan development appears to be the driving force behind the President’s decisions on who to fire and who to reappoint to serve in his government. This is a tragedy that must be corrected now rather than later, for we cannot afford failure but to develop this nascent state into a prosperous one.

a. Corruption in the GoSS [the case of missing grain, and 2 billion in US dollars siphoned off to foreign accounts; and 13 ministers named by an international watchdog as having played a role in this];
Not even the President himself can deny the fact that some of his key government positions are filled by unethical public servants who aren’t ashamed of betraying the orphans, widows and innocent civilians in Juba and all South Sudan ten states while they are busy building mansions in foreign capitals for their own families. The question becomes: is the president sincere in his call for zero tolerance on corruption? And the answer seems to be: not so sure. In order for the president to come clean on the question of corruption, he has to make the names of the 13 former (or reappointed) ministers who have been accused of having siphoned off public funds to foreign accounts public. Unfortunately, it is not going to happen at least in the foreseeable future. At the moment the issue of Arthur Akuien Chol and the lost millions of dollars is not resolved or less investigated and so is the case of Kuol Athian Mawien who masterminded the biggest scandal in South Sudan History: issuing $2 billion contracts to fictitious traders to produce maize that didn’t exist and he is still at large today. In addition to the fact that the national wealth ended up in few people’s pockets, this scandal calls the credibility of contract bidding process into questions. Assuming then Minister Kuol Athian Mawien was scammed, what will the world community think of a government that cannot even distinguish between credible businessmen from phony ones? In any case, the president needs to show substance on fighting corruption rather than talking rhetoric devoid of tangible punitive actions on culprits.

a. Autocracy in this Government

This government is now deemed by many as the government controlled by a handful few from Warrap State who misadvise the President to focus on consolidating the power to the detriment of everything else. There is nothing less autocratic than a government run by frequent issuance of decrees by the President. It is not uncommon these days for the President to issue a decree relieving individuals deemed less trustworthy from their duties and appointing their replacements. And by the way, there is a single destination for a nation in which there is no term limit on president’s tenure in the office; a nation in which a president is empowered to appoint and fire elected government officials: AUTOCRACY. One does not need a rocket scientist to deem President Kiir administration as more autocratic since he is empowered to veto the will of the people as he is entitled to fire their elected representatives with or without any cause as he so wishes by just issuing a decree. The constitution must clarify when and how the President must issue decrees in his capacity as the chief executive officer of this nation.

b. Empowered executive and weakened legislature and judiciary

There is no question, the three branches of the South Sudan government: the legislature, executive, and judiciary are not independent of each other as the executive seems to have veto powers over all the decisions to the detriment of the other two branches. The constitution needs to set up a system of checks and balances to help ensure that no one branch can be more powerful than the other. Each branch has powers that it can wield to keep the other branches in check. If the system of checks and balances were in place, the executive would have arranged to have all the President’s cabinet and judicial appointees scrutinized and confirmed by the legislature. It did not happen when the cabinet members were presented to the legislature as no confirmation hearings were held and there was no pushback from the legislature to have the administration produce the names of the 13 corrupt former ministers to be sure that they weren’t reappointed to serve in the new government. Nobody knows who these people are and it is even suspected that some (if not all of them) may have been reappointed to serve in this post independent President Kiir Administration. Under the constitutional democracy, the national assembly has the right to examine and check the track records of all the appointees before they can assume their positions in the executive and judiciary, but because of the repressive attitude from our current executive branch, the cabinet and judicial appointees [let alone the Central Bank Governor and Supreme Court Chief Justice appointees], were not presented to the legislature for scrutiny and confirmation hearings as the President was allowed to have his way with his appointees. The democratic ideals which we all fought for have never been given a chance to take hold in South Sudan. The South Sudan National Assembly ought to be an independent entity that has powers to reject corrupt nominees and endorse whoever they deem qualified and reputable to serve South Sudan’s national interests. We want our nation to survive/thrive in the midst of these challenges and as of now an effective governance is way out of reach if we do not have strong legislature and judiciary to keep executive excesses in check.

C. Failure to deliver services to all South Sudanese

If one sits down today and asks for evidence of what has been accomplished in the past 6 years with petro dollars, one won’t show anything other than presidential palace, government office buildings, and mansions for government officials in South Sudan towns and foreign lands. Is that the development our martyrs shed so much blood for? Of course, not! It is a shame and a betrayal on our nation to see that South Sudanese are more hopeless now than they were during war time and this is because they have seen how self-centered and corrupt the public servants who were thought to be fighting for larger public good have become. This begs a question of whether or not we will expect to see something different this time and the answer, we are afraid, is a clear no as some (if not all) of the same corrupt officials who failed South Sudanese in the defunct GoSS are now asked again to serve in this administration.

d. Insecurity across South Sudan, among others

Insecurity is causing an immense instability in the Republic of South Sudan, and we should not underestimate these problems that are brewing and growing bigger and bigger day by day. Thousands have died from tribal conflicts since 2006.The government must protect its citizens even if it fails to provide all other services, and it is very unfortunate that many people have died so far from preventable tribal skirmishes and unlawful cattle rustlings. The Government must make the protection of its citizens the top priority above everything else because people need to feel safe first before they can do anything else. Insecurity also leads to the loss of freedom, for example the killings that recently occurred, at Duk, Wernyol, Fangak, Pibor, Uror and other places in Jonglei State not only led to the loss of innocent lives but also a loss of freedom for individuals who cannot lead their normal life under constant state of fear. It would have been easily prevented by the South Sudan Government had the President and his team made insecurity issue a top priority. We know all the communities in Jonglei State must embrace the co-existence to live with each other in peace but the government has the solemn responsibility to rein in on those who resort to violence. On the same token, the Warrap, Lakes, and Unity states must champion true peace, coexistent and reconciliations, and this will have a ripple effect on all ten states.

Having fully discussed what has transpired since the founding of our Movement, SPLM/A, all the way to the independence of South Sudan, one would understand where we and the rest of South Sudanese stand moving forward:

. Categorically, we are not aligning ourselves with anybody but are fully supporting President Kiir administration.

. South Sudanese votes are not in anybody’s pocket come next elections. They have the right to vote for the candidates they believe will listen to them as citizens of South Sudan; be transparent; and lead South Sudan to prosperity.

. Nevertheless, the President and his cliques can rest assured they are not entitled to running the nation for life.

5. Conclusion

In closing, the thrust of our position paper on the interim period and the recent cabinet appointments is clear: we are against the systematic removals/dismissals of Greater Bor Community members from the army and civil service. As for the recent cabinet appointments, we strongly urge our appointed sons to take up their positions (Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Deputy Minister of Defense and Deputy Minister of Information and Broadcasting), and discharge those assignments with professionalism and to the best of their abilities. We expect every son and daughter of Greater Bor who is given any job whether it is cleaning streets or working in an office to do that job to the best of his or her ability.

To you, Mr. President, the challenge is on you. Because the question that will be asked 20, or 50 years from now will be: “did your first cabinet/government represent the demise or the future of SPLM Party, and that of the people of South Sudan?” There are only two ways to ensure either one. Whether to continue following the same mediocre path of the last 6 years or steer clear and develop robust policies that will ensure our nation’s survival. Because the SPLM is becoming weak in the eyes of many, it has become easy for opposition parties that have no prior accomplishments or track records to decry what did or did not happen. But if the SPLM, the Party of Dr. Garang, were to adopt its former revolutionary zeal and institute ‘taking the towns to people’ as its governing philosophy, there is no reason why it cannot effectively serve the interests of the great people of South Sudan for many years to come. It is entirely up to you, Mr. President, how you want to pitch to your new cabinet the very fact that the dreams and hopes of the people are in their hands. Because this much is very clear: precious blood was spilled for us to gain this freedom and someone had better take good care of orphans, children, widows, women, widowers, elderly, youth and the most vulnerable among us.

Mr. President, make sure all our 10 states get all the help they need in terms of resources to provide services to our people. We feel those who gave the ultimate sacrifice for our homeland have been betrayed when government officials continue to show no care for the innocent citizens who have nothing to fall back on, or even worst, soldiers who are not getting enough salaries or benefits. If officials are busy buying expensive cars and houses, what kind of reward can we give as a nation to those who have died for our freedom? That is the enduring question that will continue to haunt your administration.

To all our fellow youths who are disaffected across South Sudan, be reminded that you are the conscience and stewards of this very young nation. Our fervent plea to you is this: Let us be the generation that saves South Sudan from the wraths of tribalism, where leaders and communities, large and small, are constantly set against one another. A nation does not belong to those in power but to the common men and women in the villages who wake up every morning working hard for their children to inherit a better country than they found it. Let us not wait for all leaders to come and empower us to help our people and communities. Start wherever you are to help children and the elderly in whatever small way you can. Such a small measure inspires hope. Plus, you know it takes sustained activism to bring about social change. If the entire youth fraternity works in our communities by sharing all the ideas for increasing opportunities and reducing poverty, our nation and the way of life can surely change. Youth unemployment is a stain on our nation’s character and we must push the government to address that. Our SPLA commanders used to talk proudly about the youth as the future of our nation. Now, it is a different story. It is like tomorrow is some distant future that keeps on disappearing. Let the youth be regarded as part of the accountability system that challenges the government to live up to the expectations of all South Sudanese. The youth need to remind the government that leadership by example is one that must show moral courage whenever confronted with a dose of healthy criticism. We, citizens of this great nation legitimately voiced our frustrations and fully supported President Kiir administration to chart a course that will save our country’s soul.

Finally, we are thankful to the United Nations for giving us, the people of the Republic of South Sudan, the swift recognition on the world stage and particularly to the nations of Eastern Africa, and to people of Norway, United Kingdom and the United States for standing with us during our dark and bright days. We ask you to stand behind our current government because the people of South Sudan need you now more than ever. We need your help in areas of political and economic policies because we are creating a nation at the most precarious period of global economic meltdown.

PREPARED AND SIGNED BY:

Governmental Affairs Committee of GBC-USA
Akol Aguek Ngong, Chairman (Executive Appointee); akolngong.aguek@gmail.com

Gabrial Pager Ajang, Member (Twic East); ajangassociates@gmail.com

Ayuel Leek Deng, Member (Duk); ayuelleek559@hotmail.com

Agok Manyang Agok, Member (Bor South); jimalfa@hotmail.com

Deng Makuach Jok, Member (Bor South); david.makuach@hotmail.com

Mayak Machar Mabior, Member (Duk); mayakmachardit@gmail.com

REVIEWED AND CONFIRMED BY:

Executive and Oversight Committee
Abraham Deng Lueth, President, GBC – USA; brhmlueth@gmail.com

Chiengkuach Mabil Majok, Vice President, GBC – USA; chiengky@gmail.com

James Maluak Malou, General Secretary, GBC – USA; jmaluakmalou@hotmail.com

Reuben Guguei Panchol, Chairman, GBC-USA; reubenpanchol@hotmail.com

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  • 12 September 2011 14:44, by Dani

    Dear GBC-USA
    Thanks for keeping an eye on your beloved country, In fact I would write my name in full but a public web site. However being a new country we have to face alot of challengers in which if the country could not be active, we will never change.Moreso everyone is corrupt in the country no one is mindful of the indigenous people and such challengers will never go if we are not patriotic and mindful of others. The government is not addressing insecurity and hunger in the country, and many more, so it is up on the citizens of South Sudan to bring peace amongst themselves.
    Though the government did not fulfil the expectations of many citizens, it will never be reverse any more till next term. Furthermore govt is not the only option where we can get employed, we may also focus with private sectors and NGOs, Four thousand graduates from GBC only thirty seven get employed from the govt, so you will realized that we are not benefiting with the govt service. So how can you advice those who are jobless, self employment is also rear because you have to get the base first and loan from the govt, which is yet provided by the govt.
    Lastly I advice the citizens of GBC USA to come with private companies so that they can employ us, Imagine a GBC graduate with first class can not get a job he/she expect or expected of her/him. So there are many challengers but only you GBC USA will retrieve us from this dust.
    Dani, K’la Ug

    repondre message

    • 13 September 2011 10:50, by Abikach Ayuel

      Hope there is one thing u Bor youths must understand that u r not in anyway liberators of South Sudan as claimed in various articles in this web site.

      Who is Garang without support from mighty Bhar El Ghazal ? Please stop talking shits for you r not liberators and you will never be.

      Will you be liberators who need recognition as claimed in your articles when the whole community was taking refuge in the neighboring nations ? That is rediculous ! and no one will ever believe your damned complain.

      You know God knows what he means when he returns power to true liberators who stand for it and die for it. Will u justified that u were heroes when u were just displaced by your traditional foe who has no big power than you do but as a result of your cowardice well known act, you run away from your ancestral land just because no one wants to die. What a shame u bring to Dinka pride of heroism ! If there is no Bhar El Ghazal behind Garang will he be seen as a hero of Junub Sudan ?

      Coming to your points of arguments that 17 generals were retired unwillingly and forcefully, who will believe u on that baseless complaint ? I think they were not retired but a dutiful officer must be physically and mentally active to do his job correctly. Hope those u claimed to be retired were madly drunkards and out of age to continue serving in he army or police. Hope you know them very well that all of them are bunch of hopeless people to be burden to the army due to their corrupt practices seen in them and the money they corrupt is even making them prone to dig their graves than anticipated. Please stop selfish claims but let focus on how we liberate ourselves from second enemy called poverty, ignorance and illitercy.

      Finally I am not in Warrap state but for sure I know you very well dear cowards well known figures. In fact u r learned persons but why don’t u come home with knowledge to build our new nation ? No more booms as said by Garang in his speech during the signing of CPA come home men home is home even if a den of a lion !

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      • 13 September 2011 20:15, by Democracy

        I think it would be fair enough, if you read the article fully before you respond. with all due respects, your reaction suggests that you have not read the GBC paper position. to mention few in the article that were suggest to Mr President were: the Lost of 2 billions US dollars and appointment of 13 ministers that have laundered millions of dollars to build their mansons, hotels, and busineses in Juba, East Africa, Europe and United states. The GBC demand that those people are criminals, if the president was wised enough, he should not recycle the same corrupt officials.
        Let be honest, our country is going in wrong direction, so it is better to talk now than waite to go to war and killed other later. GBC has stated very clearly that they do not want any positions, they are happy with nomination of the reputable cabinent and not with criminal.
        Our innoncent are dying every with diseases, hunger, insecurity, and more importantly three millions people have died during the war. The few people that have left in the South now, President Kiir better take of their lives. Especially widows, ophans and civilians.

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  • 12 September 2011 16:11, by Madingthith

    @GBC - USA,

    Your criticism will take you nowhere but remember two idioms below:-

    1. Your flogging dead horses
    2. You take a camel to a river but you cannot make it to drink.

    You better come back to South Sudan and try to develop the newly independence of South Sudan instead of sitting on computers in USA and challenges the newly formed government.
    Yes, there are thousands of challenges which need immediate respond in South Sudan but writing on internet and some websites will not help us solve the problems or overcome them as you all know.

    Greater Bor has got some important icons in the libration struggle as all of us aware of it and there is no point of criticizing Kiir,s Government.Human being is human being and you can fall in some mistakes and you can not take it as a total mess in Kiir,s government.

    Sorry Brothers and sisters come back to South Sudan Please!

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  • 13 September 2011 06:42, by George Bol

    Madingthith,

    Criticism is not always about thing.You can be critics for improvement. As I can imagine,you need to read properly the article and indeed you will comprehend the theme of the letter. GBC are composing this article not because they are not loyal to Salva Kiir but the system that he used must be question by the Bor community in large. Without doubt,you might have taken criticism in a negative way but you should be seeing other side of the coin. Please, you need to take time in anything that you want to address before exposing yourself. I hope you will understand more when you read the article that the GBC are questioning the system and the GBC in the US are advising their sons and daughters not to take this incidences seriously and they want them to move forward as usual. So, take criticism as debate or sharing of ideas for improvements. thanks

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    • 13 September 2011 06:43, by George Bol

      Criticism is not always a bad things.---

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  • 13 September 2011 08:03, by belle loboi

    What is the different Bor community and bull Nuer community? Bor community like to complain in the name of Bor community instead to complain as Jonglei State. Bor community need to stop this kinds of unproductive thinking. They also need to understand that we have several other communities in South Sudan that were not given any positions as well. Unity State was not given any position but they are not complain as State. for example, Adok and Bull communities are not complain at all.

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  • 13 September 2011 18:48, by John Costa

    It is a Damn Letter

    It would have been great if the letter delivered out in the name of South Sudan’s people. You may need to send the letter as it to your governor, not the president of South Sudan. When community organizes itself, it should not be selfish, but they should work for the greater good of the country. If it is done well, the entire society will benefit, not only fraction of people your community.

    Bor Community will earn trust, win leadership, and mount respect from the general community in Southern Sudan if it were to represent the entire people of South Sudan. The objective of the letter is already damned. I am writing this with respect to your community. They have contributed very well in the Diaspora community as well not only in South Sudan. When American sees you sees South Sudan. Why narrowing yourselves? We would love if you would make this concern to include all issues of South Sudan.

    The letter approaches the problem through ethnocentric prospective, which loses its credibility. I cannot support it, or feel proud about it; because it is tribal. You will only get support within your own community, but other region will not support you. All the officer you have mentioned in your article are from Bor, what about other tribes?

    What will happen if you the current government of Southern Sudan is heading bye man comes from your tribe? This is a legitimate question.

    We need to have national consensus based on the people of Southern Sudan, not based on any tribe’s perspective. If I vote for any of you to be the president of South Sudan, I will want to vote without looking at your tribal label. Education like the swords edge, it builds, and it destroys, you are destroying unity within Dinka communities, and within South Sudan communities as well.

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    • 13 September 2011 19:49, by John Costa

      Correction:
      It is a Damn Letter

      It would have been great if the letter delivered out in the name of South Sudan people. You may need to send the letter as it is to your governor, not to the president of South Sudan. When community organizes itself, it should not be greedy, but they should work for the greater good of the nation. If it is done in a nice way, the entire society will benefit, not only fraction of people within your community. You should also go far by trying to win the president’s tribe. That is the only way to fight for a just community.

      Bor Community will earn trust, win leadership, and mount respect from the general community in Southern Sudan if it was to represent the entire people of South Sudan. The objective of the letter is already damned. The letter is pity, and is alluding to your community fear of losing power. You gain power by giving it a way, not by holding in to it. You had it during the movement, but now, you need to convince the people of South Sudan. I am writing this with respect to your community. They have contributed very well in the Diaspora community as well in South Sudan. Be an example, and work for the good of the commonwealth of South Sudan. Why narrowing yourselves into representing your community despite our later leader Dr. John Garang who earn his respect by deed and hard work? We would love if you would make this concern national.

      Your Press Release approaches the problem through ethnocentric prospective. Therefore, it has lost its credential and authenticity. I cannot support it, or feel proud about it; because it is tribal. You will only get limited support? Speak national, you get national supporter, speak local, you get your own people.

      Reverse the whole things, and imagine your tribe is ruling, and is dominating every high position int he government, what will you expect the other to say? I guess, you have not thought about that.

      We need to have national consensus based on the people of Southern Sudan, not based on any tribe’s perspective. If I vote for any of you to be the president of South Sudan, I will want to vote without looking at your tribal label. Education like the swords edge, it builds, and it destroys. You are destroying unity within Dinka communities, and within South Sudan communities as a whole.

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      • 13 September 2011 20:40, by Democracy

        John Costa, as a citizen I deeply appreciated the fact that you acknowledged issues raised in the letter...but calling it a dum is simply missing big picture. I will talk tell what is tribal: Killing of 28 people this week in Unity State is Tribal. Killing of 651 people in Uror county is tribal. massacre at Fangak is tribal and many more in killing in South. Let be honest the Greater Bor Community can not named their letter as South Sudan community letter that would even be more absurd.
        My friend, our country is going in wrong direction, as citizen we need to speak now, and not waite for war later.
        The corrupt 13 ministers that have taken millinos of dollars have appointed agian and they are going to steal again from the innocent children, women, widowns, disbales. 2 billions US dollar that ppropriated for food secrutiy in the South ten states have been stolen by Akuien and the president did not arrest him. As good citizens national discourses is the best democracy that will save our nation soul and not guns. We need to be responsibility and not work to jeopardize the future of our Nations. Thanks

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      • 15 September 2011 07:59, by harry

        Dear Democracy,

        I totally agree with John Costa. He gave you something valuable if you would capitalize on it. His constructive criticism to the "Bor" tribe is more legit than others on this forum.

        I believe in what he wrote in his comment is true: your press release seems to be promoting tribalism more than nationalism in both USA and South Sudan.

        If Greater Bor Community is hungry for power as such, then it should form its own political party in the name of GBC in South Sudan. That way whenever GBC come out with complain against the government or any national institution in South Sudan, no body would have to blame you because you are protecting the interest of your party rather than the community’s.

        Further, whenever GBC wants to alert people around the world, I suggest (next time) they should write a concise and coherent document without showing anger or frustration, but genuine concern and optimism for future. Because this is the ONLY first government, and there are many more governments to come. Perhaps the GBC will have the lion share in the formation of the next government.

        Nevertheless, I notice a few contradictory statements in this long press release.

        For example, GBC congratulated the president for forming the government, and at the same time showed anger and frustration for being left out from the same government they’ve congratulated. If that is not a contradiction, then what is it?

        Why (according to you) wasting time congratulating the president that left you marginalized, expelled your generals, layoffs your leaders, and totally put you imbalanced within South Sudanese communities! Thanks

        Harry,

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      • 15 September 2011 09:00, by Makuei

        John Costa,

        Is another deadly traitor.

        Dude C’! did you read the letter or you just grab the Name Bor and start manufuctring insults.

        Learn how to read well, so that you can ge the point before you act like another goose. Good luck with your self-interest. Everyone is included in the letter, if your eyes could see beyond hatred.

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        • 15 September 2011 14:53, by John Costa

          What is your letter thesis? The letter was written in the name of your community, which is a good thing, and I appreciate that you were able to express your anger.

          You have right to do that, but making it personal will not gain you anything. Perhaps your name might be in the letter that why you are so frustrated.

          I’ve read it to the end. I will never insult you, but will foster my point. Insult will not take us a way. I am a traitor as you said because I have illustrated my opinion. If you called me a traitor, who are you then?! See, that will not solve the problem.

          Are you representing me in your tribe community? The letter has a lot of fault information. Shall we go line by line...

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  • 15 September 2011 01:37, by Cadaai ?o?

    Historian and Identity Advocacy View:

    Dinka Twic East is not part of that organization. That’s organization is for Dinka Bor alone.

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  • 15 September 2011 18:40, by Democracy

    To South Sudanese communities, angers, fightings and insults will never take us anywhere period. We also fight over the name...that will never take us anwhere either. Every community or one person has right to question on corruptions, insecurity, and more.I want to inform all of you that in democracy, we must have a respectful debates, in other words it is battles of ideas and this will move our country in A right directions. We need to raise issues that are affecting people and debates them... and to take guns and fight our is not an opption at this important time.
    i) We need to debate insecurity as citizens, because what happened in Fangak, Uror, Duk, Pibor, Warrap need to be resolved now rather than latter if we want our country to move in new direction. There is no freedom with security, the government MUST provide security---it is important folk. To say the least deployemnt of troops is not a solutions, the government must charter a course for political solutions to this problem
    ii) corruption—2 billions US dollars have been stolen and 13 corrupt ministers have been reappointed, I think citizens have rights to hold their government accountable and it is the right thing to do. The ministers have bought mansons, built hotels and small buisnesses in South Sudan, East African, Western Europe and United States. This is simply a betrayal of three millions people that have died during the War. It also shows that the government does not care about innocents civilians in the ten States. The very people that we were fight for to get independent are those in the villages, we do not need to forget them and we do not want to loose the principle of SPLA Solders. The soldiers use to say I better die than a children... Now it is opposite, children are dying and old are living wealthy life.
    iii) it is responsibility of any community in South Sudan to question their government....this time it is BOR and next time it will be different community that will be advocate on behalf of all the communities..So there is no mistake that had been made by Greater Bor Community.
    iv)I applaud the Greater Bor Community, because talking is better than fighting. We need to bring democracy to South Sudan and that means citizens have responsibility to criticize their government, alert and inform public officials about their wrongdoing--- it is the right thing to do. If we want development in the South, the government officials must take only their salaries home and not one dime from citizens funds, any public officials that have takens public funds must be compelled to resign or loose their jobs. Government officials must also be ethical, that means they must hold themselves with high moral values and decent code of conduct period.
    This government has already forgotten what we were fighting for...therefore I thanks Greater Bor Community for initating the debate that will put our country in a right direction... it is good for citziens and it is good for our country to disscussion issues
    V) Our had just been ruled for two months from independent, This government has already started on wrong foot, we need to correct it before it is too late and that exactly what Bor Community emphasized in their article. They do NOT want power, they need government officials to do the rights for ophans, widoms, and civilians, and also they have freedoms of speech, press, and all the democratic ideals we fought for 21 years. I do not see how anyone can hate or tell them to shut up.
    vii) I will inform everydone that DINKA Bor have never ruled South Sudan. Dr John was a liberator, leading army of Volunteers during the liberation struggles and he died before he received in checks. I sorry for those people who hate Dinka Bor for a man who love people of Sudan to live in peace, justices, freedom and equality and never ruled.

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    • 15 September 2011 22:49, by John Costa

      Leading a group of rebel is much harder than ruling a civilian. Dr. John Garang did a great job, every child from every tribes or group in Southern Sudan will remember him for what he did to his people. People in South Sudan will not remember him because he is from Bor, but as a leader.
      I agree with you on many points you have raised. I did not object on the totality of the Press Release, but the representation was tribal, and I hope we should have diverse institutions that bond individual from various group in South Sudan.

      Bor community has the right to object if there is anything concerns them. What I see it not correct is the way the group portray their thoughts. It was massaging in the beginning, and not right to the bones. Kiir is not a king; he is a president that one day will be gone. Therefore, we need to speak directly without ambiguity. Most of the Press Release content is obscure. The group did not delve deeper into the real issues.

      As a reader, I need to know why these officers were laid off. I need reasons so we can have sympathy for them, so we can support them as a larger community. When a tribe or a group releases a message to the public, they must expect criticism, sympathy, scoffing, and everything that they never thought of in the first place. What I am getting from “Anti-Traitor” is that any one will not agree with what his tribe agrees on must be a traitor. That is weird from someone who lives in an open society where people have different views.

      We are in a very dangerous territory here, we should, or the government should work with the citizens of south Sudan to form such institution that will represent everyone regardless of the individual tribe’s origin.
      Any government has some sort of corruption in it, without strong regulation, and rule of law, it will be very hard to account any corrupt official. This becomes even harder if the official have two posts, a civilian post, and an army post.

      Nepotism is another hurdle, especially in the government institutions. In a society as South Sudan, where the tribe is the best trench to protect the interest of an individual, it is hard to fight corruption. Society must evolve, and mingle together to discover the common interest of the every tribes. Other tribes need justice as much as our own tribes need it. We are all in this together.
      Let us continue having this civil dialog…

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      • 16 September 2011 12:47, by Yinbixaping

        There are a few things worth of noting here:

        1. Bor community members are not complaining of positions but simply condemning the mistreatments and disrespects directed toward them as portrayed in the way their members have been disrespectfully discharged and their systematic isolation by Kiir’s administration that we members from other communities have also observed.
        2. Secondly, this respected community that sacrificed so much for our country just like any other community in South Sudan was not selfish in the article. In fact, while they are concerned by the way Kiir treats them, they also raised very important and solid issues that deserve our attention as Southerners
        3. I do believe that those who are responding negatively and labeling them as being tribal are the one being tribal in my views. This is because your tribal minds do not allow you to understand their feelings and observe other chief National concerns they raised in the article.
        4. It worries me when we refuse to accept the truth because it hurts!
        5. I believe that if President Kiir does not listen to his tribal advisors and other negative people around him and view this article as a challenge but important, it will help him change lots of things in a good way! And that will earn him back lots of respect and love.
        6. Kiir should be glad and care about Southerners as the only survivor left from the founding fathers. He should care so much about his own legacy and that of his fellow founders than anything else. And if that is the case, he should be attentive when a very significant concern is raised by critical citizens like those of Bor community.
        7. We folks from other community should not judge Bor community for raising these concerns alone. There was no South Sudanese community that they walked away from and then wrote their article on their own.
        8. If we can take opinions from individuals, why not from a community, too?
        9. I think we need to have a change of mentality and develop a new way of thinking and respect for each other’s concerns.
        10. I urge other communities or individuals of South Sudan to pick up the debate; produce other constructive pieces that will add to Bor community article.
        11. I believe that the article written by members of Bor community is a true eye-opener and we must start and constructively lead this debate in order to successfully form and build our nation.

        God bless!

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  • 17 September 2011 19:20, by Abraham P Gai

    I am please to have some thoughts on this subject gentlemen.
    As far as the letter concern:I gree with Mr. John Costa simply, because the topic is very agonizing the way it’s written is surely divisive and mis-promote our Bor Society’s character and dignity.
    It’s true that majorities of Southern Sudaneness communities and even in the North see us peoples with a big mouth and often tends to diminshing others.I know more guys in here said some bad things,but please let’s maintain our composure toward each other, otherwise this will not lead to a progressive Southern Sudan as promised. We trends to not recognized how difference we’re in that land and always produced total misunderstanding before war and after.
    I was born in the South,nevertherless I do strongly believe in the ideal of united Sudan of political changes.The passion for success and safety for Sudan was there immediately at the signing of (CPA)and lost within three years in the hands of two most corrupted parties in the history of sudan.And the main reason was that they don’t like each other politically instead of the country compare to GBC-USA article. Every one has a right to voice his/her reservation,but not in that reproached way by GBC.Every living community or anyone in the Southern Sudan is a liberator and there shouldn’t self-proclaimed person. As well as there are a lot of various opportunities that are out there than GOSS JOBS as someone mentioned.So please stop hatred talking and think positively.

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    • 18 September 2011 06:37, by Michael Angelo

      Dear Critics,

      Why wasting time with those who will not accept the truth? As someone has said above that this article could have been great if it was written to address all marginarlized tribes instead of a particular community.

      Since their mentalities still in the notion that they were born to rule then it would be hard for them to cope with president Kiir’s administration. Those who wrote such unproductive & tribal article will cause big divisions amongst ourselves. Mr. Costa & Ayuel, thanks for pointing out the truth.

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  • 19 September 2011 01:39, by Abraham P Gai

    In order to be respected
    First of all I am so grateful and humbled to share my thought with all of you who are out there. I am a Sudanese by birth in Bor County and became a U.S naturalized citizen three years ago. I have live a life of community services in the City of Chicago where I w went to school, North Park University. Two years later I obtained my B.A. in psychology.
    My main objective here is trying to underscore if possible the narrative of our narcissism as Bor Community at large. How we’re portraying our image and perception by other communities in the region as well is very important. By nature, we’re a good peoples and a society that care deeply for the family stability and morals like any other social unit of human being in Southern Sudan.
    Nevertheless, for the last period of 90s up to today, the order of our social character and respect has dramatically been diminishing overtime. There are few individuals among us who are misleading the true character of our society. By how they say things and what they proposed as a way forward and this has to stop. It’s true that majorities of our peoples have sacrificed enough for the wars of FAIR-GOVERMNET in Sudan neither do the other communities.
    So in this piece of writing, I challenge you brothers & sisters from Bor Community to modify your professional attitudes a little bite when speaking or writing for public notice. It’s better to let our actions speak louder than over looking others. Remember respect is something earned by good quality and how you control your instincts matter most.
    Secondly, to my fellow brothers and sisters from the other communities of South Sudan: please stop calling us coward for that mass-killing of 1992 orchestrated by Machar. This was not a head to head planned ethnic-war between Bor and Nuer community. They did (Nuer) organized to attack Bor, but we didn’t intend the fight with them and that’s crystal clear distinctions for that violent as I think justice still needed to be done for capacity. Every time I hear or read somebody stressing that we were afraid or running from Nuer is like he/she was involved. And these are the kind of behaviors we don’t want in that new state of South. It also my hope that this government should act aggressively to tackle the issue of violence among ethnic groups order to protect all civilians. By passing a tough order of an apologetic-code of honor be carry out on the behave of the victim community by the attackers community seriously.
    Finally, we as a Bor society have lost the sight esteem for our community, simply because we’re not been very productive in term of peace in mind and creativity. That allow us to be seems as a role model by others. Under what I called the challenge appraisal of situation which potentially we could improve if the institution putted itself of out indecisive dilemma and adjusts the way of doing business and not a personal rivalry or local. Things like too much divisions. Until this time I will be continued to share further concerns with my wonderful Sudanese people or south should anyone has question or agai2012@yahoo.com
    Best regards to all of you,
    Abraham P Gai

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  • 24 September 2011 15:12, by Kondit

    Barking dogs never bite,
    Let those tribalistic group not derail our people from the rightful path. These are refugees, they have no single right whatsoever in the issues of governance of Rss as long as they remain in USA. So if you feel, you need corrections, then come back. Losers quit and winners never quit. Those who remain and fought the war won and you can now come back to enjoy the fruits of their sweats as you bark at them instead of misusing the media. We are sorry for you, losers who quit and never won, we remained fought the battle and eventually we won, we are winners and we shall never quit. Sorry brothers, don’t be misled by selfish, individualist, self-centered people. You should rather reason like people who ever seen the blackboard, don’t reason like your ancient great grandparents. His Excellency the president, the commander in chief of all armed forces, 1st Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit has his best and is still doing his best to see that our people enjoy the fundamental human rights and freedoms as enshrined in Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other legal instruments. So you should not confuse him because you are confused yourselves. RSS Oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee. Lives continues and we wish H.E good luck as he endeavors for our infant nation. Should all tribe be represented, of course no, and never shall it ever happened. By the way, you should stop acting behind the community, come out openly and show yourself so as for your issue to be addressed accordingly. If you won’t, we shall lift the veil and you will be exposed. RSS OYEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE. KIIRDIT OYEEEEEEEEEEE.

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